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Introducing common English suffixes and prefixes

Prefixes in English words, as their name implies, are additions that are pre-added to words and change their meaning. English suffixes are a group of letters that are added to the end of words and change their meaning. For example, the most common English suffixes are -s, -ed, -action, or -ious. Do not forget that knowing just a few key words in English can help you understand the translation of hundreds of other words. Learning the translation and meanings of common English prefixes and suffixes can go a long way in translating the unfamiliar English words you come across.

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Easy translation with prefixes

Prefixes are a letter or group of letters that, unlike a suffix, are added to the beginning of a word. Prefixes change translations and meanings of words. For example, the prefix un or u – n could mean not, remove, or opposite. Also, by adding the prefix un to the word happy, the word unhappy is made, which means sad, which is the opposite of happiness.

Common English Prefixes

Use of extensions

Suffix is A letter or group of letters that is usually added to the end of a word. Knowing just a few basic words in English can help you understand the translation of hundreds of other words. A root word is the simplest form of a word. Do not forget that learning the translation and meanings of the most used English suffixes as well as the most used English prefixes will help you a lot in translating the unknown English words you encounter. Suffixes in English change the meaning or grammatical role of the root of words.

Common English suffixes

The most commonly used prefixes

Prefix Meaning Example

a-, an- without – amoral, atypical

ante- before – antecedent, antenatal

anti- against – anti-establishment

auto- self – autopilot

circum- around – circumvent

co- with – با co-conspirator, co-pilot

com-, con- with – companion, contact

contra- against – contradiction

de- off – delist, devalue

dis- not – disappear

en- put into – enclose, envelop

ex- out of, former – extract, ex-governor

extra- beyond, more than – extracurricular

hetero- different – heterosexual

homo- same – homonym, homophone

hyper- over, more – hyperactive

il-, im-, in-, ir- not, without – illegal, impractical, inconsiderate, irresponsible

in- into – insert

inter- between – internet, intersection,

intra- inside – intranet, intravenous

macro- large – macronutrients

micro- small – microscope

mono- one – monocle

non- not, without – nonentity, nonstarter,

omni- all, every – omnipresent, omniscient

post- after – post-mortem

pre-, pro- before, forward – precede, project

sub- under – submarine, substandard

syn- same time – synchronize

super- above – supervisor, superhuman

trans- across – transmit

tri- three – tripod, triceratops

un- not – undone, unfinished,

uni- one – unicorn, unilaterally

The most commonly used extensions

EXAMPLE MEANING SUFFIX

democracy, accuracy, lunacy state or quality -acy

remedial, denial, trial, criminal the action or process of -al

nuisance, ambience, tolerance state or quality of -ance, -ence

freedom, stardom, boredom place or state of being -dom

reader, creator, interpreter, inventor, collaborator, teacher person or object that does a specified action -er, -or

Judaism, skepticism, escapism doctrine, belief -ism

Geologist, protagonist, sexist, scientist, theorist, communist person or object that does a specified action -ist

extremity, validity, enormity quality of -ity, -ty

enchantment, argument condition -ment

heaviness, highness, sickness state of being -ness

friendship, hardship, internship position held -ship

position, promotion, cohesion state of being -sion, -tion

mediate, collaborate, create become -ate

sharpen, strengthen, loosen become -en

justify, simplify, magnify, satisfy make or become -ify, -fy

publicize, synthesise, hypnotise become -ise, -ize

softly, slowly, happily, crazily, madly related to or quality -ly

towards, afterwards, backwards, inward direction -ward, -wards

otherwise, likewise, clockwise in relation to -wise

edible, fallible, incredible, audible capable of being -able, -ible

fiscal, thermal, herbal, colonial having the form or character of -al

We hope you found this article useful and that we were able to introduce you to common English prefixes and suffixes

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