English Meetups

How to use a monolingual dictionary to learn a language

The point to consider in using the dictionary is not to use very old dictionaries. In other words, it takes two or three years to access the latest words, phrases and vocabulary. In addition, it is recommended to use different dictionaries for different purposes, such as synonyms and antonyms, compound word dictionaries, illustrated dictionaries, etymological dictionaries of English words, and so on.

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As a first step in using a new dictionary, it is best to read the introduction carefully to get acquainted with important information about word entries, tags, abbreviations, phonetic symbols for correct pronunciation, etc.; because such information Not shared in all cultures.

If you are looking for a word in the dictionary, note that the words are arranged alphabetically. So, for example: if you are looking for the word ‘rattle’, you should pay attention to the help words found in the top corner of each page of the dictionary. These words help you find the word you want much easier and faster.

Inside each word, you may find the following information:

Word definition

Phonological symbols for correct pronunciation

Word Components: Whether a word is a noun (N), a verb (V), an adjective (ADJ), an adverb (ADV) or a preposition (Prep).

Countable (e.g., book) or uncountable word (like money)

The form of plurals and exceptions, for example ‘children’ for child and ‘women’ for woman.

 Synonyms and antonyms are possible (if the word has synonyms or antonyms)

Context (formal or informal word)

About verbs (simple past and passive noun and infinitive noun)

In the case of verbs (possible phrasal verbs), for example ‘Bring about’ which means to cause, or ‘Gulp down’, which means to swallow.

Examples of words that are usually written in italics.

The origin or root of a word, which gives more information about the history of a word (not all dictionaries include this feature).

– If the word you are looking for has multiple meanings, for example, the word “gas”, the dictionary usually indicates these meanings with a number (1, 2, 3, …) just before the different definitions. Usually, the most common meanings and definitions are listed in number 1. In this situation, you should try to focus only on one of the meanings that corresponds to the actual use of the word in the situation.

– The last point about saving time by using electronic versions of cultures installed on PC, mobile phone, laptop, tablet PC, etc. which will allow you to get the word you want Find by typing in the search box. There are a number of expressive dictionaries that you can use to listen to individual words as well as all examples in a natural, clear voice.

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