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Simple future tense grammar

One of the most widely used grammars in English is the grammar of the future tense. Future simple tense is one of the twelve temporal structures of the English language, which actually indicates a verb or state that will absolutely occur in the future tense. A variety of tools can be used to express events in a simple future tense. Stay with us until the end of this article to teach you simple future tense grammar in English.

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Simple future tense with will

simple future tense is used to indicate an action that has not yet taken place.  The simple future tense is used in two forms, will and be going to.  Although the two structures can be used interchangeably, they differ considerably in meaning.  will is used for the probable future and be going to for the definite future.

To make a simple future tense, the combination of the auxiliary verb will with the root of the verb is used:

The root of the verb + will + is the subject

You will help him later.  (Positive sentence)

Will you help him later?  (Question sentence)

You will not help him later.  (Negative sentence)

tip:

Instead of will, you can also use shall. For this case, only the pronouns I and we are used:

I shall see you.

I will see you.

Simple future tense application with will

To express an action or work that is done voluntarily and by the choice of individuals.

My mother will bake a cake for my friend’s birthday.

Our boss will hold a business meeting next Monday.

Will will be used to express facts in the future tense.

  I will take my university degree next year.

My sister will marry a rich man next month.

To express the action or work that we decide to do at the moment of talking (no previous intention or decision.)

A: Hi Jack, how are you today?

B: Not bad.  I lost my wallet and I don’t know how I can go home.

A: Don’t worry.  I will lend you some money.

Used to express things like promise, offer, help, demand, threaten, or buy.

I promise I will ask Liz to make an appointment to see Doctor Joe.

Will you teach me how to do this math problem?

Don’t say anything or I will call the police.

tip:

With this time words like I think, I do not think, maybe, probably,… can also be used.

I think my sister will travel in October.

It will probably snow tomorrow night.

Like other future tenses, simple future tenses cannot be used in phrases that start with time expressions such as: when, while, before, after, by the time, as soon as, if, unless.  The simple present tense is used instead.

Use going to simple future

Compositions going to can be used to express the decision to perform a verb in the simple future tense.  Consider the following example:

I am going to lose weight.

He is going to learn Japanese.

Note: Going to can also be used to predict the future based on current events.  Consider the following example:

I’m going to start work.

It is going to fall

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